JUSTICE SOCIETY OF AMERICA

Chronology

Original / Earth-Two / Pre-Crisis
Part 4: Post-War

Sequence of Events Issue (Date)
1946
The Sandman and Sandy investigate "The Dreams of Peter Green." NOTE: Last Golden Age appearance of Sandman and Sandy, still wearing their gold costumes. Adventure Comics #102 (Feb. 1946)
Retiring as Manhunter II, Paul Kirk returns to his life as a big game hunter. Shortly afterward, on safari in Africa, he is killed by a charging elephant. His body is retrieved by agents of the Council, a conspiratorial organization headed by Doctor Anatol Mykros, a scientist Kirk rescued from the Nazis in 1945. Placed in cryogenic suspension, Kirk's body is repaired over the next few decades. NOTES: In original continuity it appears that either Paul Kirk traveled from Earth-Two to Earth-One under unrevealed circumstances or that there was an Earth-One counterpart of Manhunter. All-Star Squadron placed Manhunter on Earth-Two, but his resurrection definitely took place on Earth-One. Detective Comics #439 (Feb./Mar. 1974)
Wesley Dodds suffers his first heart attack. America vs. the JSA #3 (Mar. 1985)
Starman defeats Shiver and the Meteor Mob. NOTE: Starman's last Golden Age solo appearance. Adventure Comics #102 (Feb. 1946)
"The Paintings That Walked the Earth": The JSA battles artist Nels Farrow, who murders his rivals with magic paint that makes his paintings come to life. NOTE: Wonder Woman appears only briefly in this story. All-Star Comics #28 (Apr./May 1946)
Hawkman befriends the winged inhabitants of the hidden city of Feithera. NOTES: Hawkman's godson Norda (Northwind of Infinity, Inc.) is from Feithera. Reprinted in Infinity, Inc. #4 (1984). Flash Comics #71 (May 1946)
"The Man Who Knew Too Much": The JSA fights Landor, a thrill-seeker from the year 2446. All-Star Comics #29 (June/July 1946)
Alan Scott becomes the manager of radio station WXYZ. NOTE: WXYZ was also the name of the famous Detroit station on which "The Green Hornet" was originally broadcast. Green Lantern v.1 #20 (June/July 1946)
"The Dreams of Madness": Brain Wave subjects the JSA to bizarre dreams intended to drive them insane. NOTES: This was, by most accounts, the single most bizarre of all JSA adventures. Wonder Woman appears only briefly. All-Star Comics #30 (Aug./Sept. 1946)
"The Workshop of Willie Wonder": The JSA battles Zor, an alien creature who possesses the body of an old toy maker. NOTE: This Zor (Zor II) should not be confuse with Zor I, who fought the Spectre in More Fun Comics #55 (1940). All-Star Comics #31 (Oct./Nov. 1946)
"The Return of the Psycho-Pirate": The JSA fights the Psycho-Pirate. NOTES: A third Psycho-Pirate story, "The Will of William Wilson," was partially completed but not published. One page appeared in Last Days of the JSA (1986). All-Star Comics #32 (Dec. 1946-1.47)
1947
Kent Nelson marries Inza Cramer, who takes up residence in Doctor Fate's tower in Salem, Massachusetts. He later gives up his career as a physician to follow in his father's footsteps as an archaeologist. NOTE: The marriage of Kent and Inza was first revealed in Showcase #55 (1965), which also identified Kent as an archaeologist rather than a physician. The exact dates of these events were not established. Flash Comics #306 (Feb. 1982), Showcase #65 (Mar. 1965)
While experimenting with a "silicoid" gun, Wesley Dodds accidentally turns Sandy Hawkins into a monster. He imprisons Sandy in his basement and retires as the Sandman. NOTE: The date of this event was established by JSA Secret Files #1 (1999). Justice League of America #113 (Sept./Oct. 1974)
"The Revenge of Solomon Grundy": Seeking revenge on Green Lantern, Solomon Grundy takes on the entire JSA. NOTES: Wonder Woman appears only briefly in this adventure, which was reprinted in Super-Team Family #4 and retold in Infinity, Inc. #39 (1987). All-Star Comics #33 (Feb./Mar. 1947)
Mister Terrific thwarts a gangster engaged in jury tampering. NOTE: This was the final Golden Age appearance of Mister Terrific. Sensation Comics #63 (Mar. 1947)
Hawkman and Neptune Perkins travel to the Venus of an alternate dimension. NOTE: This was the second and final Golden Age appearance of Neptune Perkins. Flash Comics #81 (Mar. 1947)
March 1947: President Truman institutes the Federal Employee Loyalty Program, requiring loyalty oaths and background checks for U.S. government employees.
"The Wiles of the Wizard": The Wizard becomes convinced that the JSA is a group of clever criminals — and wants to join them! NOTE: Johnny Thunder does not appear in this story. All-Star Comics #34 (Apr./May 1947)
Green Lantern clashes with Crusher Crock. NOTE: Crock later became the Sportsmaster. All-American Comics #85 (May 1947)
Wildcat battles the Yellow Wasp. NOTE: This was the Yellow Wasp's final Golden Age appearance and the only Wildcat story drawn by Joe Kubert. Sensation Comics #66 (June 1947)
"The Day That Dropped Out of Time": Per Degaton (first appearance in print) shoots Professor Zee, steals his time machine, and changes history by altering the outcome of the Battle of Arbela in 331 B.C. The JSA saves Zee's life and travels back in time to undo Degaton's tampering. NOTES: Johnny Thunder does not appear in this story. Reprinted in Best of DC Blue Ribbon Digest #21 (1982). All-Star Comics #35 (June/July 1947)
Per Degaton regains his memory. He kills Professor Zee (for the second time), steals his time machine, and attempts to conquer the world in 1941. After his defeat, he is again returned to his own era and stripped of his memory. All-Star Squadron #1-3 (9-11.81)
Crisis on Earth-Prime: Per Degaton again regains his memory, shoots Professor Zee (for the third time), and steals his time machine, allying himself with the Crime Syndicate to conquer the world in 1942. He is thwarted by the JLA, JSA, and All-Star Squadron. Justice League of America #207-209, All-Star Squadron #14-15 (Sept.–Nov. 1982)
Per Degaton regains his memory and shoots Professor Zee for the fourth time. Zee stumbles back into his time machine, sending him forward in time to the day of his own 100th birthday. Degaton is forced to bide his time until the time machine reappears decades later. America vs. the JSA #4 (Apr. 1985)
Dinah Drake becomes Black Canary I, crimefighting partner of Johnny Thunder. Flash Comics #86 (Aug. 1947)
Wildcat battles Huntress I (first appearance in print). Sensation Comics #68 (Aug. 1947)
Green Lantern takes on the Sky-Pirate. Green Lantern v.1 #28 (Aug./Sept. 1947)
"Five Drowned Men": The JSA encounters the Koehaha, a.k.a. the Stream of Ruthlessness, which strips people of their conscience. Superman and Batman fill in for the Atom and Johnny Thunder for this adventure (only their second mission as members). NOTES: This story was the first time Superman, Batman, and Wonder Woman appeared together in print. Reprinted in Best of DC Blue Ribbon Digest #3 (1980). The Stream of Ruthlessness reappears in Infinity, Inc. #3 (1984). All-Star Comics #36 (Aug./Sept. 1947)
Green Lantern's foe Crusher Crock dubs himself the Sportsmaster. Green Lantern v.1 #28 (Aug./Sept. 1947)
Molly Mayne becomes Alan Scott's secretary at WXYZ. In order to attract the attention of the Green Lantern, she becomes the costumed criminal called the Harlequin. All-American Comics #89 (Sept. 1947)
October 1947: A group of screenwriters and directors known as the "Hollywood Ten" is forced to appear before the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) and answer questions about their connections with the Communist Party. All are subsequently blacklisted in Hollywood, virtually ending their careers.
Hawkman takes on the spirit of Gentleman Jim Craddock, the Gentleman Ghost. Flash Comics #88 (Oct. 1947)
Green Lantern battles the Icicle (first appearance In print). All-American Comics #90 (Oct. 1947)
Green Lantern encounters Knodar, the so-called Last Criminal, a time traveler from the 25th century. Green Lantern v.1 #28 (Oct./Nov. 1947)
"The Injustice Society of the World": The Wizard enlists the Brain Wave, the Gambler, Per Degaton, the Thinker, and Vandal Savage to join the Injustice Society of the World. NOTES: Reprinted in DC Super Spectacular #17 (1973). All-Star Comics #37 (Oct./Nov. 1947)
The Flash first encounters Rose Canton and her psychotic alternate personality, the Thorn, unaware that they are the same person. Flash Comics #89 (Nov. 1947)
"History's Crime Wave": The male members of the JSA are apparently slain by a museum guard possessed by the personalities of history's greatest villains. They are saved by Black Canary and Wonder Woman. Earth-Two: The JSA is resurrected by Wonder Woman's Purple Healing Ray. NOTES: This was Black Canary's first appearance with the JSA and Wonder Woman's first case as an active member rather than as secretary. All-Star Comics #38 (Dec. 1947/Jan. 1948)
Flash battles the Fiddler (first appearance In print). All-Flash #32 (Dec. 1947/Jan. 1948)
1948
Johnny Thunder and Black Canary investigate the mystery of "The Tumbling Trees." Black Canary meets private detective Larry Lance, whom she eventually marries. NOTES: The second story was Black Canary's first solo adventure and she took over Johnny's strip. Flash Comics #91 (Jan. 1948)
Merry, the adoptive sister of Sylvester Pemberton (the Star-Spangled Kid) becomes Merry, Girl of a Thousand Gimmicks. NOTES: Merry took over Star-Spangled Kid's strip after Star-Spangled Comics #84 (1948). Star-Spangled Comics #81-82 (Jan./Feb. 1948)
"The Invasion From Fairyland": The JSA travels to Fairyland to battle Lorelei and an army of mythical creatures. NOTES: Last Golden Age appearance of Johnny Thunder. Retold in Infinity, Inc. #50 (1988) with Miss America replacing Wonder Woman. All-Star Comics #39 (Feb./Mar. 1948)
Johnny Thunder retires from crimefighting, realizing that he is losing control of his Thunderbolt. America vs. the JSA #3 (Mar. 1985)
Wonder Woman battles a group of female foes, Villainy Incorporated: Cheetah, Giganta, Queen Clea, Zara, Hypnota, Eviless, the Blue Snowman & Doctor Poison. NOTE: Doctor Poison first appeared in Sensation Comics #2; Zara, in Comic Cavalcade #5; Hypnota the Great in Wonder Woman #11; Giganta in Wonder Woman #9; Eviless in Wonder Woman #10. This was Wonder Woman creater William Marston's final story before his death. Wonder Woman v.1 #28 (Mar./Apr. 1948
"The Plight of a Nation": The JSA helps a group of juvenile delinquents avoid a life of crime. NOTE: Reprinted in Justice League of America #110 (1973). All-Star Comics #40 (Apr./May 1948)
"The Case of the Patriotic Crimes": The JSA are mentally enslaved by a new Injustice Society: the Fiddler, Harlequin, Huntress, the Icicle, Sportsmaster, and the Wizard. The Harlequin betrays her criminal comrades to help Black Canary free the JSA. Black Canary becomes a full member of the JSA. Earth-Two: This adventure is the first time the Atom demonstrates super-strength. NOTE: Reprinted in Justice League of America #113 (1974) and the JLA 100-Page Super Spectacular (1999). All-Star Comics #41 (June/July 1948)
The Atom and Hawkman adopt new costumes. NOTES: According to various issues of All-Star Squadron, the Atom's costume was inspired by that of Cyclotron. Adventure Comics v2 #1 (1999) indicated that the Atom designed this costume in 1945, but did not adopt it until years later. Flash Comics #98 (Aug. 1948)
"The Man Who Hated Science": The JSA battles Professor Zabor Zodiac, the Alchemist. NOTES: This was the Atom and Hawkman's first JSA mission with their new costumes. All-Star Comics #42 (Aug./Sept. 1948)
Doctor Mid-Nite battles Revelk. NOTE: This was Doctor Mid-Nite's last Golden Age solo appearance. All-American Comics #102 (Oct. 1948)
"The Secret of the Golden Universe": The JSA stop Aurikon from conquering a parallel world called the Golden Universe. All-Star Comics #43 (Oct./Nov. 1948)
Green Lantern learns that the Harlequin is now an undercover agent for the FBI. Green Lantern v.1 #34 (Oct./Nov. 1948)
Late October 1948: The Seven Soldiers of Victory—Crimson Avenger, Green Arrow, the Shining Knight, Speedy, the Star-Spangled Kid, Stripsey, and the Vigilante—are scattered throughout time following a battle with the Nebula Man. NOTES: The date was established in Infinity, Inc. #3 (1984). Justice League of America #100-102 (Aug.–Oct. 1972)
"Evil Star Over Hollywood": In Los Angeles, the JSA battles Evil Star, a crime boss attempting to stop a movie about his nefarious deeds. NOTES: The studio featured in this story, Stellar Studios, was later purchased by Sylvester Pemberton, the Star-Spangled Kid. This issue was reprinted in Justice League of America #115 (1975). All-Star Comics #44 (Dec. 1948/Jan. 1949)
1949
The Flash confronts The Rival, one of his teachers from Midwestern University, who has created a formula to temporarily duplicate the Flash's powers. Meanwhile, the Atom solves the mystery of "The Vanishing Lighthouse," the Black Canary defeats a murderous college professor, and Hawkman investigates "The Flaming Darkness." NOTES: Final Golden Age issue of Flash Comics and the last Golden Age solo appearances of these characters. Flash Comics #104 (Feb. 1949)
The Flash discovers that Rose Canton and the Thorn are one and the same. He, Green Lantern, and Wonder Woman take her for treatment on the Amazons' Reform Island.NOTES: This story was written for Flash Comics #107, but the series was canceled before the story was published. Two pages were later printed in Lois Lane #113 and two more pages appear in issue #6 of Alter Ego magazine. Lois Lane #113 (Sept./Oct. 1971)
"The Case of the Cosmic Criminals": The JSA is menaced by Doctor Egri, who uses cosmic energy to give a group of ordinary crooks super-powers. NOTE: The JSA moved its headquarters from Gotham City to Civic City in this story, where it remained for the rest of the Golden Age. All-Star Comics #45 (Feb./Mar. 1949)
"The Adventure of the Invisible Band": The JSA's efforts to catch a group of criminals are complicated when amateur detective Elmer Doolittle concludes that the JSAers are the real crooks. All-Star Comics #46 (Apr./May 1949)
Green Lantern fights Mister Paradox. NOTE: Final issue of Green Lantern's own series and his last Golden Age solo appearance. Green Lantern v.1 #38 (May/June 1949)
Wildcat defeats a gang of counterfeiters. NOTE: This was the last Golden Age appearance of Wildcat. Sensation Comics #90 (June 1949)
"The Ghost of Billy the Kid": The JSA battles a rodeo star claiming to be the reincarnation of the legendary outlaw. All-Star Comics #47 (June/July 1949)
"The Strange Lives of Edmund Blake": By showing him visions of various possible futures, the JSA helps a dying boy named Edmund Blake find the will to live. NOTE: The images of the future seen in this issue show the JSA in action in the 1950s, although it would be long disbanded by then. All-Star Comics #48 (Aug./Sept. 1949)
"The Invasion of the Fire People": The JSA stops an alien invasion by flame beings from the Yellow Comet. All-Star Comics #49 (Oct./Nov. 1949)
"Prophecy of Peril": The JSA battles Mister Alpha, who ultimately is revealed as Fred Kincaid, a former college classmate of Jay Garrick. All-Star Comics #50 (Dec. 1949/Jan. 1950)
1950
"Invaders From the World Below": The JSA battles a race of diamond creatures from inside the Earth. All-Star Comics #51 (Feb./Mar. 1950)
"The Secret Conquest of Earth": The JSA stops four prehistoric kings, revived after many millennia, from starting World War 3. NOTE: The JSA was put into a trance for an entire year in this story, which is not accounted for in modern accounts of the JSA's history. All-Star Comics #52 (Apr./May 1950)
"The Gun That Dropped Through Time": After Doctor James Swanley of the Time Trust (first appearance In print), is murdered, the JSA uses his Time Chute to retrieve the murder weapon from the distant past. All-Star Comics #53 (June/July 1950)
"The Circus of a Thousand Thrills": The JSA investigates a corrupt traveling circus. All-Star Comics #54 (Aug./Sept. 1950)
"The Man Who Conquered the Solar System": Prof. Elwood Napier (first appearance In print), under the mental influence of a strange alien helmet, attempts to conquer the planets of the solar system. NOTES: Napier's first chronological appearance was in All-Star Squadron #12 (1982). America vs. The Justice Society #4 established that this adventure took place in an alternate dimension where all of the planets were habitable. All-Star Comics #55 (Oct./Nov. 1950)
"The Day the World Ended": The JSA travels to the 3first century to save humanity from Knelo and his race of shape-changing Chameleons. All-Star Comics #56 (Dec. 1950/Jan. 1951)
"Mystery of the Vanishing Detectives": The JSA rescues four kidnapped detectives from the Key, who apparently jumps to his death. NOTE: This was the final Golden Age JSA story and the last Golden Age appearance of the Atom, Black Canary, Doctor Mid-Nite, the Flash, Green Lantern, and Hawkman. This Key may be the same villain who later menaces the Justice League of America . All-Star Comics #57 (Feb./Mar. 1951)
1951
1951: Ted Knight marries Doris Lee. She dies several years later, prompting Ted to retire. America vs. the JSA #3 (Mar. 1985)
October 13, 1951, "The Man Who Defeated the Justice Society": After nearly being killed by Eliminations, Inc., the JSA is called to appear before the House Committee on Un-American Activities on charges of consorting with a foreign agent. Rather than unmask themselves, Green Lantern dramatically whisks them away from the hearing. All these events were orchestrated by Per Degaton. NOTES: In the 1950s, only Superman, Wonder Woman, Batman, and Robin, along with Aquaman, Green Arrow and Speedy, Johnny Quick, Robotman and the Vigilante continued to be published. It is unclear how many 1950s stories were part of Earth-Two continuity; most 1950s adventures of Aquaman, Green Arrow, and the Vigilante were attributable to the Earth-One characters. Adventure Comics #466 (Nov./Dec. 1979)
1952
A spell cast by the Wizard, intended to eliminate Superman, causes the Earth-Two Clark Kent to forget his identity as Superman for nearly a year. During this time, Clark becomes more assertive and finally attracts the attention of Lois Lane. Action Comics #484 (June 1978)
1953
Clark Kent marries Lois Lane. On their wedding night, Lois discovers that Clark is Superman. Clark shortly recovers his memories and reclaims his Superman identity. He and Lois renew their vows in Superman's mountain retreat. Action Comics #484 (June 1978)
While in pursuit of Carver City crime boss Alvyn Lashky Robotman becomes trapped in a mine boby trapped to collapse by Lashky. He remains in suspended animation for decades. NOTE: His last Golden Age appearance was Star-Spangled Comics #82. DC Comics Presents #31 (Mar. 1981)
Dinah Drake marries Larry Lance. Secret Origins #50 (Aug. 1990)
Clark Kent becomes the managing editor of the Metropolis Daily Star after the retirement of George Taylor. Superman Family #197 (Sept./Oct. 1979)
1954
The Ultra-Humanite (as Dolores Winters), returns to Metropolis for revenge on Superman. S/he kidnaps Bruce Wayne to use as a hostage. NOTE: Dolores Winters' body apparently was destroyed by Cyclotron in 1942 (All-Star Squadron Annual #2). Superman Family #201 (June/July 1980)
With help from Superman, Johnny Thunder regains control of his Thunderbolt and brings democracy to Badhnesia. Superman Family #204 (Dec. 1980/Jan. 1981)
The Harlequin helps Green Lantern and Superman apprehend the Sportsmaster and reveals that she is an undercover agent for the FBI. She later drops out of sight. Superman Family #206 (Apr./May 1981)
1955
Batman releases Catwoman from prison to help him apprehend the Scarecrow. They finally confess their true feelings for one another. Brave & Bold #197 (Apr. 1983)
Bruce Wayne marries Selina Kyle. Clark and Lois Kent attend the wedding. Clark reveals to Selina that he is secretly Superman. Superman Family #211 (Oct. 1981)
The Ultra-Humanite, now in the body of a giant ant, returns to Metropolis to battle Superman. Superman Family #215 (Feb. 1982)
September 7, 1957: Bruce Wayne and Selina Kyle have a daughter, Helena Wayne. NOTES: Infinity, Inc. #7 gave Helena's birthday as September 7, 1959; her tombstone in Last Days of the JSA shows 1957, which is more consistent with her age at the time of her debut. Infinity, Inc. #7 (Oct. 1984)
The Silver Age
1960s
Doctor Fate and Hourman join forces to battle Solomon Grundy, who has from the force bubble in which Green Lantern had once imprisoned him. With Green Lantern's help, they once again imprison him and banish him to the moon. NOTE: First Silver Age appearance of Solomon Grundy and first to reveal that Kent Nelson and Inza Cramer had married, and Alan Scott became president of the Gotham City Broadcasting Company. Grundy is said to have been created by the "radioactive waters" of Slaughter Swamp, which he uses to transform Green Lantern into a similar monster. That account is contradicted by post-Crisis stories, which describe Grundy as a failed plant elemental similar to the Swamp Thing. This story was reprinted in Brave & the Bold #115 (1974). Showcase #55 (Mar./Apr. 1965)
Kent and Inza Nelson unearth the emotion-manipulating Medusa Mask, which ex-con Roger Hayden uses to become Psycho-Pirate II. He is defeated by Doctor Fate and Hourman. Hourman reveals his secret identity to his girlfriend, Wendi Harris, whom he later marries. NOTE: First Silver Age appearance of Wotan (as an illusion from Fate's memory) and Psycho-Pirate I, described as Roger Hayden's former cellmate.
Showcase #56 (May/June 1965)
35 Years Ago
Black Canary emerges from retirement and teams up with Starman to battle the Mist (first Silver Age appearance ). Brave & Bold #61 (Aug./Sept. 1965)
With the help of Wildcat, Black Canary and Starman defeat the Huntress and Sportsmaster. NOTE: First Silver Age appearance of these villains and Wildcat. Reprinted in the JSA 100-Page Super Spectacular. Brave & Bold #62 (Oct./Nov. 1965)
Jim Corrigan recovers his memory and resumes his role as the Spectre. Showcase #60 (Jan./Feb. 1966)
31 Years Ago
The infant Dinah is cappearance ursed by the Wizard, giving her uncontrollable sonic powers. Johnny Thunder's Thunderbolt takes her to his dimension and strips away all memory of the baby's existence. NOTES: Date based on JLA: Year One #1, which says she was 19 at the JLA's formation (12 years ago). Justice League of America #220 (Nov. 1983)
Rex and Wendi Tyler's son Rick (Hourman II) is born. Infinity, Inc. #27 (June 1986)
30 Years Ago
The Spectre helps Wildcat defeat the mystically possessed "Happy" Jack Dold. NOTE: This story was drawn by Neal Adams. The Spectre v.1 #3 (Apr. 1968)
27 Years Ago
Hector Hall (Silver Scarab) is born to Carter and Shiera Hall in Cairo, Egypt. NOTE: Infinity Inc. #9 gave Hector's birth date as November 14, 1963. Infinity, Inc. #9 (June 1986)
Birth of Albert Rothstein, the grandson of Terry Curtis (Cyclotron). The Atom becomes his godfather. Infinity, Inc. #27 (June 1986)
Wonder Woman and Steve Trevor marry and have a daughter, Hippolyta "Lyta" Trevor (Fury). Wonder Woman v.1 #300 (Feb. 1983)
Merry Pemberton marries Henry King (Brain Wave). They have a son, Henry King, Jr. (Brainwave Jr.). Infinity, Inc. #3 (June 1984)
24 Years Ago
In Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Rose Canton/Alyx Florin gives birth to twins, a boy and a girl. The children are both put up for adoption. The girl is adopted by Julian and Myrna Hayden and raised as Jennifer-Lynn Hayden (Jade); the boy is adopted by Jim and Shirley Rice and raised as Todd James Rice (Obsidian). While growing up, neither knows the identity of their real parents. NOTES: Infinity, Inc. #5 and #6 originally gave their birth date as July 20, 1966. Infinity, Inc. #5-6 (Aug.–Sept. 1984)
15 Years Ago
Al Pratt reveals to his 12 year-old godson Al Rothstein that he is secretly the Atom. Infinity, Inc. #48 (Mar. 1988)
JSA brats Hector Hall, Lyta Trevor, Al Rothstein, and Rick Tyler meet for the first time (they're all about 12 years old). NOTE: The Star-Spangled Kid is erroneously depicted as a JSA member in this story; he was trapped in the past at this time. Infinity, Inc. #27 (June 1986)

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