Hawkman I Hawkgirl I

Original/Golden Age/Earth-Two
Carter Hall + Shiera Saunders Hall + Fel Andar + Golden Eagle

Hawkman created by Gardner Fox & Dennis Neville
Hawkgirl created by Gardner Fox & Sheldon Moldoff 

NAME + ALIASES:
Carter Hall

KNOWN RELATIVES:
Shiera Saunders Hall (Hawkgirl, wife, deceased, Hector Hall (Dr. Fate, son), Hippolyta Hall (Fury, daughter-in-law, deceased), Daniel Hall (Dream II, grandson), Norda Cantrell (Northwind, godson)

GROUP AFFILIATIONS:
Justice Society of America, All-Star Squadron, Justice League of America

FIRST APPEARANCE:
Flash Comics #1 (Jan. 1940)

Hawkgirl

NAME + ALIASES:
Shiera Saunders Hall

KNOWN RELATIVES:
Carter Hall (Hawkman, husband), Hector Hall (Dr. Fate, son, deceased), Hippolyta Hall (Fury, daughter-in-law, deceased), Daniel Hall (Dream II, grandson), Cyril "Speed" Saunders (cousin), Kendra Shiera Saunders (Hawkgirl II, grandniece)

GROUP AFFILIATIONS:
All-Star Squadron, Justice Society of America, Justice League of America

FIRST APPEARANCE:
As Shiera: Flash Comics #1 (Jan. 1940)
As Hawkgirl: All-Star Comics #5 (June-July 1941)

Fel Andar (Hawkman II)

NAME + ALIASES:
Fel Andar aka Carter Hall Jr.

KNOWN RELATIVES:
Andar Pul (father), Sharon Parker (wife, deceased), Charley Parker (Golden Eagle, son)

GROUP AFFILIATIONS:
Justice League of America

FIRST APPEARANCE:
Justice League International v.1 #10 (Feb. 1988)

Golden Eagle

NAME + ALIASES:
Charley Parker aka Hawkman IV

KNOWN RELATIVES:
Fel Andar (Hawkman II, father, deceased), Sharon Parker (mother, deceased), Andar Pul (grandfather)

GROUP AFFILIATIONS:
Teen Titans

FIRST APPEARANCE:
Justice League of America #116 (Mar./Apr. 1975)

History

"JSA B.C." c. 1260 B.C.
Ancient Egypt, 19th Dynasty,
reign of the Ramses II
After defeating Johnny Sorrow by stranding him in the Speed Force, Jay Garrick is thrown back in time to ancient Egypt, where he encounters Prince Khufu (who will one day be reincarnated as Hawkman I). JSA3 #20 (3 2001)

In battle against the Nebula Man, Stripesy is thrown back in time to ancient Egypt, where he is made a slave. He is rescued by the Justice League and Justice Society, and aided by the young Prince Khufu. Justice League of America #100-102 (8-10.72); Stars & S.T.R.I.P.E. #9 (4 2000)
A Thanagarian starship crashes in Egypt and is recovered by Khufu, his advisor Nabu the Wise, and Teth-Adam. The dying pilot warns them of evil from Thanagar. Nabu recovers a portion of the anti-gravity metal that powers the ship, called "Nth metal" by a dying Thanagarian. JSA3 #22 (5 2001)
After defeating Johnny Sorrow by stranding him in the Speed Force, Jay Garrick is thrown back in time to ancient Egypt, where he encounters Prince Khufu (who will one day be reincarnated as Hawkman I). JSA3 #20 (3 2001)
Still stranded in ancient Egypt, Jay Garrick discovers the wreckage of the crashed Thanagarian starship, more than 3000 years before the first known contact between Earth and Thanagar. JSA3 #21 (4 2001)
Nabu and Teth-Adam use a portion of the Thanagarian Nth metal to forge a war gauntlet called the Claw of Horus, which they say will be instrumental in a battle to be fought thousands of years in the future. Jay Garrick returns to his own time. JSA3 #22 (5 2001)
The priest called Ahk-ton discovers a meteor, from which he fashions the Orb of Ra. He attempts to use this power to overthrow the pharoah, Ramses. He is captured, but before he can be executed, he is transformed by the meteor into the Metamorph. NOTE:This is messed up; the Outsiders tale never depicted Ahk-ton as the Metamorph, and placed the event in the time of Ramses VII. Heiroglyphs in Metamorpho v.2 claimed that Ahk-ton was a Pharoah, which is not possible during the reign of the Ramses. Batman & Outsiders #17-18 (1-2.85), Metamorpho v.2 #1 (Aug. 1993)
Ahk-ton slays Teth-Adam's family: sons Gon and Hurut and wife Shiruta. JSA3 #44 (3 2003)
Via Black Barax's Time Cube, Mr. Terrific, Hawkgirl and Captain Marvel travel back in time. They are greeted by Vandal Savage, who weilds the Orb of Ra and controls the Metamorph. NOTE: This is the only issue which correctly states the time period: Ramses II, 19th Dynasty. JSA3 #42 (1 2003)
The 20th Century JSAers prepare to do battle with Savage alongside their ancient counterparts. Hawkgirl meets... herself (as Chay-ara)! JSA3 #43 (2 2003)
With the help of the sun-god, Ra, Vandal Savage is reduced to infancy. Teth-Adam slays Ahk-ton. The JSA members are placed in suspended animation, to be revived thousands of years hence. JSA3 #44 (3 2003)
In Egypt, Prince Khufu Maat Kha-Tar and his beloved Chay-Ara are murdered by the mad priest Hath-Set. The lovers are fated to be born again forever; 3,500 years later, they are reincarnated as Carter Hall and Shiera Sanders. NOTE: The date of these events, not stated in the original version of the story, was said to be 1567 B.C. (Secret Origins #11). Some accounts incorrectly cite the 15th Dynasty (Hawkman v.4 #9, JSA #43). Flash v.1 #1 (Jan. 1940), Secret Origins #11 (Feb. 1987)

1917: Prince Khufu is reincarnated as James Wright, a detective with the Pinkerton agency. Wright and his lady love, Sheila Carr, die at the hands of Big Louie Moretti. They had no memories of their past in this life. Presumably, Carter Hall and Sheira Sanders were born very soon after this. Hawkman v.4 #27 (June 1904

Thanagarian agent Paran Katar arrives on Earth and, using the name Perry Carter, befriends Carter Hall (Hawkman I). Paran Katar surreptitiously helps Carter develop his ninth metal (alternately, "Nth metal") harness, which allows him to defy gravity. NOTE: This Annual contains an essay on changing continuity by Mike Gold. Hawkworld Annual #1 (1991)

October 6, 1939: Carter Hall, the reincarnation of Prince Khufu, encounters Shiera Sanders, the reincarnation of Khufu's lover Chay-Ara. Wearing artificial wings and a belt of ninth metal, he becomes Hawkman I, battling and apparently slaying Dr. Anton Hastor, the reincarnation of Hath-Set. NOTES: Hawkman was the only character to appear in every Golden Age issue of All-Star and Flash Comics. His origin was retold in Secret Origins #11, which also established the date of his debut. Flash v.1 #1 (Jan. 1940), Secret Origins #11 (Feb. 1987)

Hawkman battles the evil Aztec priestess Nyola and the Spectre defeats Kulak with the Ring of Life. All-Star Comics #2 (Fall 40)

November 22, 1940: The Justice Society of America (1st app. in print) holds its first official meeting in Gotham City. Members present are the Atom, Dr. Fate, the Flash, Green Lantern, Hawkman, Hourman, the Sandman, and the Spectre. Johnny Thunder and the Red Tornado make brief appearances, although the Tornado flees after accidentally tearing out the seat of her pants. NOTES: Until the end of the war the unofficial real-world rule for JSA membership was that any character with his or her own title left the team to become an honorary member. Superman and Batman were honorary members from the outset because they already had their own books and because most of the characters in All-Star were published by All-American Comics, a separate company owned by DC. Although All-American books carried the DC logo, they were produced through separate editorial offices until the two companies fully merged in 1945. This story was reprinted in Famous First Editions F-7 (1975) and in a DC Millennium Edition (1999). All-Star Comics #3 (Win 40)

The members of the JSA are attacked by the mysterious Mister X. The Spectre discovers that one of Mister X's henchmen is armed with the Ring of Life. Hawkman builds a second Nth metal belt and wings for Shiera Sanders, who becomes Hawkgirl. NOTES: Shiera is not actually called Hawkgirl in this story. Her first appearance as Hawkgirl in the Hawkman strip was in Flash #24 (1941). The magic ring worn by the Spectre's foe is not specifically identified as the Ring of Life in this story; it was so described in the recap of this story in All-Star Squadron #28 (1983). All-Star Comics #5 (6-7.41)

June 28, 1941: Ian Karkull, now a living shadow, returns from the Dark Dimension and gathers a group of super-villains (Dr. Doog, Sieur Satan, Alexander the Great, Wotan, Zor, Lightning Master & the Tarantula) to help him assassinate eight future U.S. presidents. The JSA, joined by their honorary members and Starman, thwarts all but the last murder. Dr. Fate & Nabu destroy Karkull, releasing a burst of "temporal energy" that enhances the longevity of everyone present (Atom, Dr. Fate, Flash, Green Lantern, Hawkman, Hourman, Johnny Thunder, Sandman, Spectre, Starman and non-members Hawkgirl and Joan Williams). Dr. Fate realizes that Nabu is taking control of him whenever he dons the Helm of Nabu. Hourman leaves the JSA to refine his Miraclo pill, replaced by Starman. Green Lantern, shaken by his failure against Wotan, opts for honorary membership, naming Hawkman the new chairman. NOTES: This story explains the departure of Green Lantern and Hourman and the arrival of Dr. Mid-Nite and Starman, as mentioned in the final page of All-Star #7. George Pérez drew the Hourman chapter. 1ST APPS: Dr. Doog, Adventure #61; Catwoman, Batman #1; Sieur Satan, Flash #1; Alexander the Great, Flash #?; Wotan, More Fun #55; Zor, More Fun #55; Lightning Master, xx #??; & the Tarantula, Adventure #40. A*SQ Annual #3 (1984)
Dr. Mid-Nite joins the JSA, which battles Professor Elba. During the course of the adventure, Shiera Sanders once again aids Hawkman as Hawkgirl. NOTES: Dr. Mid-Nite went on to appear in every subsequent Golden Age issue of All-Star. This was Dr. Fate's first JSA case with his new helmet. The JSA, including honorary members Superman, Batman, Flash and Green Lantern, also appear in the one-page Hop Harrigan text story in this issue. All-Star Comics #8 (12.40-1.41)

December 9, 1941: The JSA disbands so that its members can join the armed forces. Danette Reilly discovers that she has the power to project and control flames; she becomes Firebrand II and joins the All-Star Squadron. A group of All-Stars travels to Mexico to free Hawkgirl from the Feathered Serpent. NOTE: The disbanding of the JSA was first described in the beginning of All-Star #11. All-Star Comics #11 (6-7.42), All-Star Squadron #5 (Jan. 1982)

December 10, 1941: The All-Stars free Hawkgirl from the Feathered Serpent, who is revealed as a German agent. Baron Blitzkreig arrives to clean up the Serpent's mess. NOTE: The Feathered Serpent mentions his colleague, Professor Indiana Jones. Similarly, Spectre v.3 #21 says that an American archaeologist was commissioned to track down the lost Ark of the Covenant, another reference to the film Raiders of the Lost Ark. Blitzkreig first appeared in World's Finest Comics #246 All-Star Squadron #6 (Feb. 1982)
Akhet is unmasked as Hawkman's first foe, Dr. Anton Hastor. NOTE: This issue reveals that Hawkman and Hawkgirl have many different styles of hawk masks, explaining the many variations shown over the years. All-Star Squadron #11 (July 1982)
Dr. Hastor explains how he stole Professor Elwood Napier's "Flying Eye." He is defeated by Hawkman. NOTE: Prof. Napier's 1st app. in print was All-Star #55 (1950). All-Star Squadron #12 (8-9.82)
The All-Star Squadron holds its first official meeting. Present are the Atom, Commander Steel, Firebrand II, Hawkgirl, Hawkman, Johnny Quick, Liberty Belle, Robotman and the Shining Knight. Liberty Belle is elected as the chair. The Shining Knight returns to England to become Winston Churchill's bodyguard. He also mentions that the Seven Soldiers of Victory are ready to serve the Squadron. All-Star Squadron #13 (9.82)
January 1942: Airman Carter Hall (Hawkman) is assigned to the USAAF's Coast Command. NOTES: JSA headquarters is incorrectly depicted in Manhattan rather than Gotham City. This conflict with Nuclear was alluded to in Wonder Woman #43 (1950), but never published in any Golden Age story. All-Star Squadron #16 (12.82)
The All-Stars adopt the Perisphere (leftover from the 1939 World's Fair) as their permanent headquarters. Hawkman reveals that the JSA has been called to reform as the Justice Battalion. Cyclotron steals the Hammer of Thor and the Ultra-Humanite and Deathbolt (Jake Simmons), pursue the Powerstone. NOTES: The Hammer of Thor is revealed to be the same one that Hawkman used in All-Star Comics #3 (1940). The Powerstone first appeared in Superman #14 (1942). All-Star Squadron #21 (May 1983), All-Star Comics #12 (8-9.42)
The Spectre, Johnny Thunder and Johnny's Thunderbolt free the JSA from Hyperspace, but all the items they brought with them from Hyperspace vanish. At Mekanique's urging, Green Lantern and Firebrand save a young girl from being hit by a car, altering history; unbeknownst to the heroes, their actions will permit the evil Rotwang, Mekanique's creator, to dominate Mekanique's native era, the 23rd century. Hawkman is elected cochairman of the Squadron. NOTES: Originally, the photo in this story depicted Superman, Batman, Robin, Aquaman and Wonder Woman. After the Crisis, they're replaced by Uncle Sam and Doll Man, the Ray, Plastic Man, Black Condor and Phantom Lady, adding the Human Bomb and Jester. FDR says "... any costumed hero who isn't in this photo must be someone so obscure that nobody ever heard of them!") All-Star Squadron #60 (July 1986)
When the JSA members are kidnapped, Dr. Fate's girlfriend, Inza Cramer, senses danger and enlists the other women: Hawkgirl, Hippolyta, Dian Belmont, Doris Lee, Myra Mason, Mary James, Peachy Pet, and Clarice Winston, who dress in their boyfriends' costumes to track down the Brain Wave (1st app. in print). Afterwards, he is believed dead. NOTES: Starman #69 deliberately removed Mason and James from the tale, most likely because Mason never had a relationship with Charles McNider, and James did not fall for Al Pratt until later. The story deliberately places Hawkgirl's heroic debut after this story, which contradicts the bulk of her early appearances and charter membership in the All-Star Squadron. All-Star Comics #15 (2-3.43), Starman v.2 #69 (9 2000)
The JSA battles Charlie Halstead, Psycho Pirate, who kidnaps Hawkman's girlfriend Shiera. NOTES: This was the Spectre and Starman's final appearance in All-Star. Shiera does not appear as Hawkgirl in this story. All-Star Comics #23 (Win 44)
February 22, 1945: Hawkgirl and Hippolyta defeat another of Stalker's disciples near Iwo Jima, with a little help from Hawkgirl's cousin, "Speed" Saunders. NOTES: This story establishes Hawkgirl's relationship as Speed's cousin, and the eventual retcon of her last name from "Sanders." Speed first appeared in Detective #1 (1935). Also appearing are Hop Harrigan (1st app. All-American #1) and Slam Bradley (Detective #1). Sensation #1 (May 1999)
Hawkman battles the Monocle. Flash v.1 #64 (Apr. 1945)
Hawkman befriends the winged inhabitants of the hidden city of Feithera. NOTES: Hawkman's godson Norda (Northwind of Infinity, Inc.) is from Feithera. Reprinted in Infinity, Inc. #4 (1984). Flash v.1 #71 (May 1946)
Hawkman takes on the spirit of Gentleman Jim Craddock, the Gentleman Ghost. Flash v.1 #88 (10.47)
The Atom and Hawkman adopt new costumes. NOTES: According to various issues of All-Star Squadron, the Atom's costume was inspired by that of Cyclotron. Adventure Comics v2 #1 (1999) indicated that the Atom designed this costume in 1945, but did not adopt it until years later. Flash v.1 #98 (Aug. 1948)
"The Man Who Hated Science": The JSA battles Professor Zabor Zodiac, the Alchemist. NOTES: This was the Atom and Hawkman's first JSA mission with their new costumes. All-Star Comics #42 (8-9.48)

The Flash confronts The Rival, one of his teachers from Midwestern University, who has created a formula to temporarily duplicate the Flash's powers. Meanwhile, the Atom solves the mystery of "The Vanishing Lighthouse," the Black Canary defeats a murderous college professor, and Hawkman investigates "The Flaming Darkness." NOTES: Final Golden Age issue of Flash Comics and the last Golden Age solo appearances of these characters. Flash v.1 #104 (Feb. 1949)
"Mystery of the Vanishing Detectives": The JSA rescues four kidnapped detectives from the Key, who apparently jumps to his death. NOTE: This was the final Golden Age JSA story and the last Golden Age appearance of the Atom, Black Canary, Dr. Mid-Nite, the Flash, Green Lantern, and Hawkman. DC only continued publishing Superman, Wonder Woman, Batman, and Robin, along with Aquaman, Green Arrow and Speedy, Johnny Quick, Robotman and the Vigilante. This Key may be the same villain who later menaces the Justice League of America . All-Star Comics #57 (2-3.51)
27 Years Ago
Hector Hall (Silver Scarab/Dr. Fate IV) is born to Carter and Shiera Hall in Cairo, Egypt. NOTE: Infinity Inc. #9 gave Hector's birth date as November 14, 1963, which was translated into DC's "XX Years Ago" standard based on the date of Infinity, Inc. #9, which was "Seven Years Ago" on the current timeline. Infinity Inc. #9 (June 1986)
15 Years Ago
Al Pratt reveals to his 12 year-old godson Al Rothstein that he is secretly the Atom. Infinity Inc. #48 (Mar. 1988)
JSA brats Hector Hall, Lyta Trevor, Al Rothstein, and Rick Tyler meet for the first time (they're all about 12 years old). NOTE: The Star-Spangled Kid is erroneously depicted as a JSA member in this story; he was trapped in the past at this time. Infinity Inc. #27 (June 1986)

14 Years Ago
Al Rothstein and Hector Hall join Lyta Trevor and her parents for a vacation on their private Pacific Ocean retreat, Trevor Island. Lyta's adoptive father, Derek Trevor, teaches Al how to fly. Infinity Inc. #48 (Mar. 1988)

Flash I and Flash II join forces to battle Captain Cold and the Trickster. NOTE: The JSA (the Atom, Black Canary, Dr. Mid-Nite, Green Lantern, and Hawkman) are seen in flashback, their first appearance in a Silver Age story. Flash v.1 #129 (June 1962)
again Flash v.1 #137 (June 1963)
"When Fall the Mighty": The JSA rescues Shiera Hall from Zanadu. All-Star Comics #62 (9-10.76)
"A Thorn By Any Other Name": Wildcat is badly injured in a battle with the Thorn, and the JSA discovers his earlier brain damage. Dr. Fate and Hawkman are kidnapped by the Master Summoner. NOTE: Hawkman adopts a new golden helmet in this issue. All-Star Comics #72 (5-6.78)
ector Hall, Lyta Trevor, Al Rothstein, and Hawkman's godson Norda of Feithera decide to adopt costumed identities and apply for membership in the Justice Society. Infinity, Inc. #1 (Mar. 1984)
Infinity, Inc. holds a press conference in Los Angeles. The Silver Scarab reveals his true identity and those of his parents (Hawkman and Hawkgirl I). The Star-Spangled Kid, Jade, Obsidian, and Nuklon also unmask. The Huntress reveals that she is Batman's daughter. Power Girl and the Huntress leave to rejoin the JSA. NOTES: First appearance of Ted Grant's goddaughter Yolanda Montez (later Wildcat II). Originally included the Earth-2 Huntress. Infinity, Inc. #12 (Mar. 1985)
ORIGINAL: A vast army of super-villains, led by Earth-1's Lex Luthor and Brainiac, attempts to seize power on the five partially merged surviving Earths. Hawkman I is severely wounded by Dr. Phosphorus. POST-CRISIS: No Brainiac on Earth at this time; Lex Luthor's involvement in these events is unknown. Crisis #9 (12.85)
Mekanique and the goddess Aphrodite, who have been using their powers to hold back the full effects of the Crisis for their own purposes, allow the Crisis's reality-changing effects to take hold. All characters except the Psycho-Pirate lose their memories of the pre-Crisis history. The Earth-2 Aquaman, Batman, Green Arrow, Huntress, Robin, Speedy, and Wonder Woman, the Golden Age Captain Marvel and Marvel Family, and Earth-1's Hawkman, Hawkwoman, Supergirl, and Wonder Woman cease to exist, along with all memory of their existence. All-Star Squadron #60 (July 1986), Legend of Wonder Woman #4 (Aug. 1986)
At Skyman's insistence, Lyta Trevor goes on maternity leave from Infinity, Inc. She encounters the new female incarnation of Hawkman's old enemy Hath-Set and discovers that the Silver Scarab is now her pawn. NOTE: Although Mr. Bones participates in many of the group's adventures, Skyman makes it clear in this issue that he is not a member of Infinity, Inc. Infinity, Inc. #42 (9.87)
"Home Again": The JSA attends a public celebration of their return from Limbo, but the ceremony is cut short when the Sandman has another stroke. The team returns home intending to retire, but afterwards, Flash and Green Lantern decide to return to active duty. First appearance of Jesse Chambers, a.k.a. Jesse Quick. NOTES: The Atom returns to his original costume in this story. Hawkgirl is introduced as a member of the JSA, the first time she has been so described. David Goyer, co-author of the current JSA series, said online (Nov. 1, 1998): "Our position is that Hawkgirl was indoctrinated into the JSA at some point — we've just never seen it." In this series, Alan Scott is again referred to as the nominal head of GBC (and the JSA meeting room is in the basement of the GBC building, accessed through a secret door in the lobby), but Molly is actually running the company. Justice Society of America v.2 #1 (Aug. 1992)
"JSA No More?": Starman rejoins the JSA to free Hawkman and Hawkgirl from the control of Kulak. Hawkman and Hawkgirl rejoin the JSA. Justice Society of America v.2 #10 (May 1993)

The lives of Hawkman and Hawkgirl began millennia ago, as the lovers in 19th Dynasty ancient Egypt, Prince Khufu and Chay-ara. They lived during the prosperous reign of Ramses II and defended Egypt alongside other great champions like Nabu and Thet Adam. Their powers were generated by the anti-gravity metal called "Nth Metal," which was scavenged from a crashed Thanagarian spaceship. Once, Chay-Ara was even paid a visit by her future self, Kendra Saunders (Hawkgirl II). She, Mr. Terrific and Captain Marvel had been thrust back in time and helped the Egyptians battle Vandal Savage and the Metamorph.

Khufu and Chay-Ara were murdered by Hath-Set with a blade made from the Nth metal. The mystical properties of the metal cursed Khufu and Chay-ara's souls to eternal reincarnation. This cycle also afflicted the soul of Hath-Set. They were both forever blessed: to meet and love again for eternity; and forever doomed: to die at the hands of Hath-Set.

Eventually, one pair of reincarnated souls would repeatedly break this cycle. That pair met in late 1939, when archaeologists Carter Hall and Shiera Saunders became lovers and began adventuring as Hawkman and Hawkgirl. Hawkman was a founding member of the Justice Society and Hawkgirl a frequent ally. Both also served extensively with the wartime All-Star Squadron. They married in the late 1940s, sometime before the JSA disbanded in 1951. Later, they bore one son, Hector, who later became the hero Silver Scarab. Hector was also cursed by their enemy and was actually born without a soul; like his parents, tragedy would scar his own legacy. Hector eventually married Lyta Trevor (Fury) and they had a son, Daniel.

For a time, Carter and Shiera settled in Midway City, Michigan, and acquired a spaceship. In this era, they became space adventurers as well. (Hawkman v.1 series)

Their enhanced longevity (from exposure to chronal energies in 1942) extended their careers, and they were both also early members of the Justice League. Following one of the JLA's earliest team-ups with the JSA, the Hawks began serving as liaisons between the two teams (JLA: Incarnations #2). They remained active with both teams until the first great "crisis." At that time, they and the rest of the Justice Society willingly entered into Limbo to wage an eternal cyclic battle to prevent Ragnarok (the Norse version of judgment day).

 

Fel Andar and Golden Eagle — Hawkmen II & IV

Years before Katar Hol (the well-known Thanagarian Hawkman) arrived on Earth, he was preceded by several other Thanagarian hawk-police. Paran Katar was the first, having arrived on Earth in 1939. He befriended Carter Hall and lent some of the secrets of Thangarian technology. Later, in 1947, Andar Nal and his brother Andar Pul touched down. Nal married an Earth woman, Naomi O’Neill and their son, Fel Andar, was raised on Thanagar and idolized the Wingmen police. As an adult, Fel was sent to Earth in advance of Thanagar and the Dominion attempt to invade Earth. (Invasion series) As part of his cover, he married a woman named Sharon Parker and they had a son, who bore both the Earth name Charles Edmund Parker and a Thanagarian, Cha'l Andar.

But a family was not a part of Thanagar's plan for Fel Andar. Fearing that his superiors would discover his family on Earth, Andar brainwashed Sharon and put Charley up for adoption. Then when Carter and Shiera Hall were away at Ragnarok, Fel Andar, began posing as Hawkman II (at times, pretending to be "Carter Hall" and at others, "Carter Hall Jr."). Sharon became the first Hawkwoman. His identity and plot were revealed during the Dominators' alien invasion. (Hawkworld #25) When confronted by the Martian Manhunter (#22), Andar knew he would soon be exposed; he killed Sharon, but not before she recovered her memories and escaped to tell J'onn the truth. (#23) Fel Andar ultimately escaped and returned to Thanagar. He returned again to Earth with Shayera Thal (Hawkwoman II) (Hawkworld #25) but was again remanded to Thanagar. As the son of a Thanagarian statesman, Fel Andar escaped any punishment.

Fel and Sharon's son Charley was orphaned in Midway City and idolized Hawkman. He ultimately took to the streets as a drug runner and later contemplated suicide. As fate would have it, his father was the one who saved him. During Hawkman's absence, Andar posed as Carter Hall and gave Charlie a job as a janitor at the Midway City Museum. When the Shadow Theif appeared, Charley saved the day and was rewarded, with him an ancient battle armor. Fel never revealed his true identity to Charley but trained his son to use the Nth Metal in the armor. Charley never saw Hawkman again and after this, he made his own life in California, joining the Titans West as the Golden Eagle. (Teen Titans #50) This team was short-lived and he went back to working odd jobs. Later, when he helped try to save the New Titans, he was seemingly killed by the Wildebeest. (New Titans #72) In truth, the Nth metal saved his life as he lay underwater, and he eventually surfaced. Again in secret, Charley was saved by his father before Andar was shipped back to Thanagar. (Hawkman v.4 #45)

Golden Eagle returns from the dead. From Hawkman v.4 #37 (); art by ??.

After his "resurrection," the Golden Eagle learned all about his true heritage. He was greatly angered by Fel Andar deportation to Thanagar, and vowed to reclaim the legacy of Hawkman for himself. He laid relatively low, acquiring wealth and power, planning for the day when he would become Hawkman. But when Carter Hall returned from the dead, Charley vowed to destroy him — this "pretend" hawk-man of Earth. Golden Eagle assembled a deadly coterie of Hawkman's foes and seemingly succeeded in killing him with Thanagarian Manhawks.

In truth, Carter was one step ahead of him. He had planned for this with an illusion cast by his son, Dr. Fate. Carter allowed Golden Eagle to continue with his plan, which included the claim that Charley was Carter Hall's son. (#41) After Carter's "death," Charley became Kendra (Hawkgirl) Saunders' partner for a time, assuming the role of Hawkman (IV) with the pretense of drawing out Carter's killers. But Kendra began to suspect Charley's motives. She was skeptical when he told her that a sample of Carter's DNA proved he was his father, and of the claim that he had no knowledge of how he came to live in an orphanage. (Hawkman #42-43) He crossed the line when, after showing Hawkgirl  a Thanagarian space ship, he forcibly kissed Kendra and incited a fight. His anger came to a boil and he revealed everything. Carter chose this moment to return and defeat Charley. In the fight, Carter put one of Charley's eyes out and in the end, decided to send Cha'l Andar back to Thanagar for whatever justice they saw fit. He included a record of Andar's past for the authorities to discover. (Hawkman #44-45)

Cha'l Andar arrived on Thanagar at the dawn of the second Crisis, just as the planet Rann destabilized its orbit. The Golden Eagle quickly rose within the Thanagarian military and led an army in the Rann/Thanagar war. As fate would have it, Fel Andar chose this time to reveal himself to Charley as well. Andar had long since abandoned his mischievous ways and become rather a pacifist. He lamented how the Wingmen used to uphold the law, but now symbolized only murder, scandal and betrayal. Fel Andar convinced his son to side with the Seven (good) Gods and ally with Hawkman to try to end the war. This was his last act of atonement; Fel Andar was killed in the fighting by Blackfire. (#47-48)

 

Zero Hour for Hawkman

Two other Thanagarians also came to Earth during the Halls' absence. Katar Hol and Shayera Thal were sent to Earth as goodwill ambassadors and the news media quickly dubbed these two Hawkman III & Hawkwoman II. (Hawkworld v.2 #1) Carter and Shiera did eventually return from Limbo (Armageddon: Inferno #4) and to adventuring. Sadly, they also discovered that Hector had died in their absence. (Spectre v.3 #20) Their return was short-lived: Carter and Shiera were merged, along with all other "hawk avatars" into the form of Katar Hol during the Zero Hour. Shiera did not survive this merge. (Hawkman v.3 #13) Upon her death, Shiera's soul came to rest in the body of her cousin, Kendra Saunders (Hawkgirl II).

Hawkman: Endless Flight trade paperback (2003)

For the first time, as Shiera, Chay-ara had escaped murder at hands of Hath-Set. In addition, her soul came to rest inside Kendra upon the moment of Kendra's attempted suicide. Kendra did not acquire Shiera's memories (or Chay-Ara's for that matter) and it seemed possible that these events might have permanently disrupted the cycle of reincarnation for Chay-Ara.

The matter is more complicated (if that's possible!) for Carter. After his merge with Katar Hol, Hol was transported by the mage Arion to the "realm of the Hawk God." (Hawkman #33) Their physical forms were forfeit and Katar and Carter's souls drifted there until Hawkman was recalled to life on Thanagar by Kendra and the Justice Society. This time, Katar's soul did not survive this reincarnation, but Carter Hall lives again in a young new body (now with Katar's dark hair). (JSA #23)

His new life was difficult without Shiera, especially since Kendra did not return his affections. Regardless, the pair began working as partners in the city of St. Roch, Louisiana, and became fast friends. Around this time, Hector Hall was also reborn as Dr. Fate (IV). (JSA #3) Hector was one of the first to caution the Hawks to be wary of the hands of Hath-Set, and to question the bonds of love that had been their doom for so many millennia.

When Black Adam assembled his own rival team to the JSA and set out to free his homeland of Kahndaq, he called on Hawkman not to interfere (as the two had been allies in ancient Egypt). For his complicity in this mission, Hawkman was asked to resign from the JSA. (Hawkman v.4 #23-25, JSA #56-58)

Infinite Crisis

Kendra and Carter eventually did grow closer together, but cosmic events conspired to obstruct their destiny. When Thanagar went to war with the planet Rann, the Hawks were summoned by Adam Strange to help stop the conflict. (Hawkman #46) Strange hoped the Hawks could successfully mediate between sides, but Carter and Kendra were forced to ally with Adam against Thanagar. There, they were reunited with the Thanagarian Hawkwoman, Shayera Thal, who joined them against her own people. (Rann-Thanagar War #1-2)

In the escalation, they discovered that Thanagar was being led by the resurrected Onimar Synn and Shayera was killed by Blackfire (who sought to claim Rann for her own people). (#5) Eventually, the Hawks and their allies were able to defeat Synn, but they had no time to celebrate. Not only did Thanagar intend to continue its plans of conquest, but a great cosmic rift opened up in the Polaris (Thanagar's) galaxy. (#6) The Hawks enjoyed only a brief rest from battle — at which time they consummated their growing feelings for one another. (Hawkman #49)

Hawkman ultimately decided to remain on Thanagar to help with reconstruction, and Kendra returned to Earth. Carter focused on trying to gather evidence against Blackfire, to expose her maneuvering against the Thanagarian people. He knew that her "alliance" was a ruse to claim the planet for her own people. Carter gathered his evidence in a "Testament Pod" and secretly left it for safe keeping with Kendra in St. Roch. Blackfire learned of the Pod and sent after the Hawks. Together, they captured Blackfire and removed her powers with the alien Absorbascon. (#57-59, JSA Classified #21-22)

Alas, a true reunion was not in the cards for these ancient lovers. Kendra was now being warned by the spirit of Shiera Hall to break the Hawks' pattern of death and rebirth. To this end, Kendra gave Carter the cold shoulder and the couple separated. (Hawkgirl #60)

Also during the Crisis, Carter's son Hector and his wife, Lyta, died (again). After being cast into Hell by the Spectre, Fury called upon their son Daniel to carry them off to the land of the Dreaming. (JSA #80)

Solo

Both Kendra and Carter dealt with their break-up by returning to teamwork. While Carter rejoined the Justice Society (JSofA v.3 #2), Kendra took part in the first case of the newly reformed Justice League and joined thereafter. (Justice League of America v.2 #1-7)

 

Carter and Shiera also have a godson, Norda Cantrell (Northwind), and Shiera is the cousin of adventurer Cyril "Speed" Saunders.

 

The Reincarnation of Khufu

There have been numerous references to Khufu and Chay-ara's reincarnated selves. Those which have been explicitly described include:

  1. c. 1260 B.C., Ancient Egypt, 19th Dynasty: Prince Khufu Maat Kha-Tar & Chay-Ara (Flash Comics #1)
  2. 5th Century, Britain: Brian Kent (Silent Knight) (Hawkman v.3 #??)
  3. 14th Century, Germany (1483-1514): Koenrad Von Grimm, son of a blacksmith (Hawkman v.4 #18)
  4. 15th Century, Japan (Ashikaga Bafuku): Unnamed; he had no memories of his past during this life. (Hawkman v.4 #18). NOTE: The writer, Geoff Johns, explicitly placed this life after Von Grimm, but put John Smith's (next) birth too close to be reasonable.
  5. 16th Century, England (1519-1631; this lifespan is incredibly long): Captain John Smith (Hawkman v.4 #18).
  6. 17th Century, Japan: Unnamed Ronin warrior; mentioned by the Atom. (Hawkman v.4 #46). NOTE: Ronin were active in Japan between 1600-1850.
  7. 19th Century, America: Hannibal Hawkes and Katherine Manser (Nighthawk and Cinnamon) (Hawkman v.4 #)
  8. 20th Century, America (??-1917): James Wright (a detective with the Pinkerton agency) and Sheila Carr; they had no memories of their past in this life (Hawkman v.4 #27)
  9. 20th Century, America: Carter and Shiera Hall (Hawkman and Hawkgirl)
  10. 21st Century America: Carter Hall and Kendra Saunders (Hawkman and Hawkgirl II)

Others have been depicted in cameo, but not named:

  1. Ancient Greece: Icarus (may be a hawk avatar and not a past life) (Hawkman v.2 #??)
  2. Ancient Rome: A Christian Slave Gabriel (may be a hawk avatar) (Hawkman v.3 #??)
  3. Romans/Germanic/Nordic Warriors: (Hawkman v.4 #15)
  4. Asians: (Hawkman v.4 #15)
  5. Africans: (Hawkman v.4 #15)
  6. 13th Century, France: (Hawkman v.4 #16)
  7. 19th Century, America: Revolutionary Soldier? (Hawkman v.4 #15)
  8. 17th Century, America: Native Americans (Hawkman v.4 #9)
  9. 17th Century, France: "Musketeers" (Hawkman v.4 #9)
  10. Europe: Jack (and the Beanstalk) (Flash #191)
  11. 16th Century, South America: Incas? (Hawkman v.4 #??)
  12. 19th Century, America: two Slaves
  13. The Future: Technohawks (Hawkman v.4 #9)

Notes

Some sources incorrectly list Hawkgirl's first appearance as Flash Comics #24, which was her first appearance in costume in the Hawkman strip; All-Star #5 preceded that appearance by about six months.

Shiera Hall never took the name "Hawkwoman" (see the 1992 Justice Society series).

Hawkman may have the most confusing continuity in all the DCU, but the revisions have been quite fully explained. In post-Crisis universe, Carter Hall (the Golden Age Hawkman) was the the first Hawkman, who joined both the JSA and the Justice League of America . His wife, Shiera Saunders Hall, also served on both teams as Hawkgirl. (JLA: Incarnations #2, JSA Secret Files #2) These two effectively took the pre-Crisis place of Katar and Shayera Hol of Thanagar, who in post-Crisis continuity did not arrive on Earth until many years later.

The Spectre #54 (June 1997) erroneously depicts Carter and Katar together in a Justice League of America /JSA team-up. Possibly an editorial blunder, this story was nonetheless written by John Ostrander — the same writer as the Hawkworld series. Also, Legends of the DCU #12-13 and JLA 80-Page Giant #2 (11.99) both erroneously depicted Katar as the JLA's Hawkman.

"Inside DC" #36 also verifies that in post-Hawkworld continuity, the impostors Fel Andar and Sharon Parker were the pair that appeared in the J.L. International v.1 #10, 19-24 and Action Comics #588.

A Secret Origins letters page claimed that Khater, Power Girl's brother, was a previous incarnation of Carter Hall. This can not be true, since this origin of Power Girl has been revealed as false.

Geoff Johns Says: Hawkman is one of the most visually impressive characters in comics to me. His wings, helmet, mace and blood-stained uniform say it all. Like I’ve said before, he’s a flying Conan. But meaner. It’ll be interesting to see him interact with Hawkgirl…I really like what Brad did in Justice League of America #9. (from Newsarama)

+ Powers

Hawkman and Hawkgirl use the power of the Thanagarian Nth metal to various ends. Most notably, the metal allows the user to defy gravity. The Hawks wear life-like wings to help control their movements during flight. The metal also extends a modest level of strength, invulnerability and healing ability to the user.

They also have the benefit of lifetimes' worth of experience in battle. Both Hawks are expert hand-to-hand combatants and draw upon fighting techniques and weapons from dozens of cultures.

Appearances + References

» FEATURED APPEARANCES:

  • Brave & Bold #34-36, 42-44
  • Detective #428, 434, 445-446, 452. 454-455, 467
  • Mystery in Space #87-90

Hawkgirl:

  • All-Star Comics #5, 8-9, 15

» SERIES:

  • Flash Comics, 104 issues (Jan. 1940–Feb. 1949)
  • All-Star Comics, 74 issues (1940–Feb./Mar. 1951, 1976–78)

Silver Age:

  • Hawkman v.1, 27 issues (1964–68)
  • The Atom & Hawkman, issues #39–45 (1968-69)
  • All-Star Squadron, 67 issues (1981-87)
  • Hawkman v.2, 17 issues (1986-87)
  • Hawkman/Hawkgirl v.4, current (2002-)
  • Rann/Thanagar War, 6-issue limited series (2005)
  • Justice Society of America v.3, 54 issues (2007–11)